Factbox: Some facts about the DMZ separating the two Koreas


SEOUL (Reuters) – U.S. President Donald Trump held talks with North Korean chief Kim Jong Un in the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) between the two Koreas on Sunday, the third assembly between the two leaders in simply over a yr.

South Korean troopers stand guard at the truce village of Panmunjom inside the demilitarized zone (DMZ) separating the two Koreas, South Korea, May 1, 2019. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji

The world’s final Cold War frontier has seen a spate of dramatic diplomatic and navy incidents over the years, in addition to dozens of rounds of presidency, navy and humanitarian talks since 1971, when the two Koreas opened their first hotline and liaison workplaces.

Most infamously, axe-wielding North Korean troopers in the DMZ in 1976 murdered two American troopers who had been slicing down a poplar tree to safe a transparent view.

Following are some facts about the 250 km-long DMZ, which separates North and South Korea.

– The DMZ marks the place the 1950-53 Korean War – when China and North Korea battled U.N. forces led by the United States – ended with an armistice, not a treaty.

– The DMZ is a 2 km-wide buffer, stretching coast to coast throughout the peninsula, lined by either side with razor wire, heavy armaments and tank traps.

– It is 60 km (37 miles) from Seoul and 210 km (130 miles) from the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

– Inside the DMZ is a Joint Security Area (JSA). The so-called peace village of Panmunjom, the place the armistice that halted the Korean War was signed in 1953, is situated in the 800-metre-wide and 400-metre-long JSA zone.

– A Military Demarcation Line (MDL) marks the boundary between the two Koreas.

– Panmunjom is a cluster of distinctive vivid blue buildings. The two Koreas have their very own liaison workplaces and convention halls, on either side of the MDL in Panmunjom.

– Under a 1953 deal, the U.N. Command and the North Korean navy had been allowed to dispatch not more than 35 troops to the JSA, and every of them can solely possess one pistol or non-automatic rifle. But the variety of troopers and weapons elevated as relations worsened.

– The troops face every throughout the MDL in Panmunjom.

– The first inter-Korean summit in additional than a decade was held in Panmunjom final yr.

– After a 3rd summit between the two Koreas in September, the two sides withdrew firearms from the JSA and lower the variety of troops again to the unique 35.

– Vast stretches of the DMZ have been no man’s land for greater than 60 years, the place wildlife has flourished undisturbed. Other elements of it provide an unsettling mixture of navy installations and vacationer sights.

– According to the U.N. command, greater than 105,000 vacationers visited the JSA from the South in 2017, whereas almost 30,000 visited from the North.

A North Korean soldier patrols at the truce village of Panmunjom inside the demilitarized zone (DMZ) separating the two Koreas, South Korea, April 18, 2018. Picture taken on April 18, 2018. REUTERS/Kim Hong-Ji

– South Korea estimate the North operates about 160 guard posts alongside the DMZ and the South has 60. They demolished 11 of them from either side after a navy deal final yr.

– The DMZ can be affected by landmines planted over the a long time – as many as 970,000 in the southern half alone, in keeping with Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, a Geneva-based civic group.

– For years, either side blared propaganda broadcasts over the DMZ into one another’s territory. The broadcasts ended after final yr’s navy settlement.

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